The favelas developed more than 100 years ago but at that time they were more temporary homes; later on they became more permanent. At first they were made of wood and corrugated zink and they were not that stable but now the primary material is bricks and this makes it possible to build houses on top of each other. This has also become necessary as there is no space left for new houses. Today many of the favela houses have electricity, running water and internet. Most people are happy living in the favela house mostly because they build the houses themselves and the house fulfills all their basic needs in only one room. As they build the houses themselves it can take several years to finish a house because they have to build the house in their spare time and they cannot afford all the materials at once.
The slums in Brazil are called favelas and this is a favela. The houses are home made and built close together to house as many people as possible. The roofs are used to gather rainwater.
The atelier ” Atelier Van Lieshout” have made several different favela houses for the people living there. This is one of them. Check out their home page for different favela houses: http://www.ateliervanlieshout.com/works/favelahouse.htm
A favela house under construction. The process is very slow because they build the houses themselves and they cannot afford all the materials at once. Nowadays the houses are made of bricks and cement. Previously they were made of wood and corrugated zink.
Different interiors of the Brazilian favela houses. They only have one room each and this room contains all the functions like: cooking, eating, relaxing and sleeping. Some even have a toilet as a part of the room.